🇪🇸 Job Categories & Levels in Spain

Henning Wandsleb
Henning Wandsleb
  • Updated

Oyster policy is denoted in purple.


The Spanish law distinguishes workers (trabajadores) from top executives/Senior Management personnel (personal de alta dirección).

The Labor Code specifies that a Top Executive/Senior Manager is a staff member who has broad management authority in relation to the company’s general objectives and exercises that authority independently and with full responsibility, reporting only to the company’s supreme governing and managing body.

Top Executives have different provisions on their probation period, working time, termination, and post-termination obligations.

Due to the special character of the employment relationship pertaining to the Top Executive category (personal de alta direccion), Oyster is not able to engage Team Members in this category in Spain.

The Spanish Social Security system has its own classifications with eleven (11) categories of employees, each with a different social security contribution limit.

Additionally, each Collective Bargaining Agreement in Spain distinguishes different professional groups, which define the professional skills, qualifications, and performance content of the employees in that group. They may include different tasks, functions, specializations, duties, or responsibilities assigned to the employee. The professional group is therefore determined by the functions that the employees carry out in the company, regardless of their level of studies.

These different professional groups have an impact including on compensation and probation. Employment agreements must indicate the professional group and the subsequent rules that apply.

At Oyster, we follow the requirements of the CBA for consultancy companies



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